Cabbage is a good source of minerals like phosphorus, potassium-170mg, calcium-40mg, sodium- 18mg, and iron-0.47mg per 100g edible portion. Cabbage prevents constipation, increases digestion and appetite. Cabbage mainly used as cooked vegetable or as salad.
Carrots are a rich source of carotene and vitamin-A. Beta carotene is one of the most powerful natural anti- oxidants that help in protecting the human body from harmful oxygen–free radical injury. In addition, they are rich in many B-complex groups of vitamins. Carrot roots are also composed of healthylevels of minerals like copper, calcium, potassium, manganese and phosphorus. Carrots are cooked as well as consumed fresh in salads. Carrots are processed to make pickles, jam, candy and jelly. Purple carrots are used for making an Indian beverage called Kanji, which is considered to be an excellent appetiser.
Chilies contain health benefiting alkaloid compound known as capsaicin, which also gives them strong spicy pungent character. Fresh chili peppers, red and green, are rich source of vitamin-C. Antioxidant substances in capsicum help protect the body from injurious effects of free radicals generated during stress, diseases conditions. Chilies contain a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that help controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Chillies are also good in B-complex group of vitamins.
Leaves are used for flavouring curries, sauces and soups. Seeds contain essential oils such as linalool, geraniol and terpine etc. These active principles are responsible for digestive, carminative, and anti-flatulent properties of the seeds.
Cucumber is a good source of potassium, an important intracellular electrolyte. 100 g of cucumber provides 147 mg of potassium. Potassium is a heart friendly electrolyte helps bring a reduction in total blood pressure and heart rates. Cucumber peel is a good source of dietary fibre that helps reduce constipation, and offers some protection against colon cancers by eliminating toxic compounds from the gut.